Costing of WASH in Schools

The Challenge

Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings.

Project Overview

The goals of this project were to:
a) Conduct a Systematic Review of Costing and Financing of WASH in Schools to understand globally what information exists to help inform WASH in Schools budgeting and financing
b) Develop a user friendly costing tool for UNICEF and their partners ( NGOs, government partners) in budgeting, planning and resource allocation for WASH in Schools programs.


A systematic review: costing and financing of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools

Authors: Shannon M McGinnis, Thomas McKeon, Richa Desai, Akudo Ejelonu, Stanley Laskowski, Heather M Murphy
Publication date: 2017/4
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume: 14
Issue: 4
Pages: 442
Publisher: MDPI

Area of Research

Funding By




Team Members

Shannon McGinnis
Alex Cagle
MBA Students Wharton Business School- University of Pennsylvania

Partners and Collaborators

Global Water Alliance (GWA)
Wharton Business School- University of Pennsylvania
Vishal Kumar
Brian Vo
Shalina Wadhwani
Sarah Millar
Yeahong Min